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The California Environmental Justice Movement’s Declaration on Use of Carbon Trading Schemes to Address Climate Change

1. Whereas, the climate system of the planet and the energy choices we make are inextricably linked to a looming ecological and social catastrophe; and

2. Whereas, the United States and all other countries of the world face a moment of great promise and great peril regarding our energy production and use, including: 1) our overdependence on fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas, and coal; 2) the production and use of bio-fuels with dubious sustainability attributes; and 3) the resurgence of domestic and international nuclear power development; and

3. Whereas, Asian, Black, Latino, and Native American communities in the United States, as well as indigenous and poor people around the world, disproportionately bear the negative economic, environmental, and health impacts of the fossil fuel economy at every stage of its life cycle including its exploration, extraction, production, refining, distribution, consumption, and disposal of its waste; and

4. Whereas, global climate change caused by burning fossil fuels, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide, other green house gases, and associated co-pollutants into our oceans, air, soil, and vegetation jeopardizes the planet’s ability to maintain a livable climate and causes grave health problems in poor communities, communities of color, and indigenous communities around the world; and

5. Whereas, the international scientific community predicts that climate change will cause great human suffering, the brunt of which will be borne by the world’s poor, developing nations, disenfranchised indigenous communities, the infirm, and peoples of color that have been historically discriminated against at global, national, and local levels; and

6. Whereas, the best available science indicates that the planet is warming more rapidly than we understood when the Kyoto Accord was ratified and that reductions in greenhouse gases must be undertaken more quickly and with greater urgency than previously recognized; and

7. Whereas, many of the nations that ratified the Kyoto Accord are failing to meet the treaty’s requirements for greenhouse gas emission reductions; and

8. Whereas, the policy cornerstone of the Kyoto approach is a market-based system to allow nations to establish emissions “rights” and trading of “rights” to emit carbon, known as cap & trade under the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU- ETS); and

9. Whereas, the EU-ETS created transferable “rights” to dispose of carbon into the air, oceans, soil, and vegetation far in excess of the capacity of these systems to absorb it; and

10. Whereas, economic globalization steers international commodity markets to manufacture and privatize the “right” to dispose of green house gases and their co-pollutants into the air, oceans, soil, vegetation and human bodies and is in direct conflict with the true human rights of people and respect for our planet; and

11. Whereas, Phase 1 of the EU-ETS has been documented as giving billions of dollars worth of these “rights,” free of charge, to the biggest corporate emitters of greenhouse gases who are responsible for causing the global warming crisis and thereby created one of the largest transfers of wealth from low- and middle-income people to private corporations in the modern industrial era; and

12. Whereas, carbon trading under Phase 1 of the EU-ETS benefited fossil-fuel intensive corporations and stands in the way of the transition to clean renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency strategies that are critically necessary to substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and

13. Whereas, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Accord, as well as voluntary private sector trading schemes, encourages industrialized countries and their corporations to finance or create carbon dumps in the Developing World as lucrative alternatives to reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Developed Countries; and

14. Whereas, the EU-ETS and the CDM sanctions the continued exploration, extraction, refining, and burning of fossil fuels and finances projects such as private industrial tree plantations and large hydro-electric facilities that appropriate land and water resources jeopardizing the livelihoods of local communities in the Developing World as carbon dumps for industries in the Developed World; and

15. Whereas, the EU-ETS and CDM fail to address and further deepens entrenched social inequalities, irresponsible development trends, inadequate hazard reduction policies, and are silent on confronting disaster vulnerability of populations worldwide; and

16. Whereas, carbon trading is undemocratic because it allows entrenched polluters, market designers, and commodity traders to determine whether and where to reduce greenhouse gases and co-pollutant emissions without allowing impacted communities or governments to participate in those decisions; and

17. Whereas, the political power of the major global polluters has resulted in carbon trading schemes that include inadequate reporting systems, are impossible for the public and regulatory agencies to monitor, allow gaming of the system by market participants, and lack meaningful penalties for failure to comply; and

18. Whereas, greenhouse gases will be substantially reduced only through a transition to greater energy efficiency and sustainable energy technologies that do not rely on fossil fuels; and

19. Whereas, capturing energy from the wind, sun, ocean, and heat stored within the Earth’s crust builds the health and self-reliance of people and our communities, protects the planet, creates jobs, and expands the global economy; and

20. Whereas, global energy transformation is the politically unifying and inclusive principle that affirms the rights of all people--including the poor, women, rural and indigenous communities--to have access to affordable and sustainable energy and the enhanced quality of life that such access affords; and

21. Whereas, the EU-ETS, including the CDM, is often portrayed as a necessary first step toward establishing an effective international climate change plan and has been presented as a model for California’s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions;

The California Environmental Justice Movement DECLARES that the EU-ETS, including the CDM, is a step in the wrong direction; and

The California Environmental Justice Movement FURTHER DECLARES that we will fight at every turn all efforts to establish a system of carbon trading and offset use in California; and

The California Environmental Justice Movement FURTHER DECLARES that our demands for real changes in the way we make and use energy will not be silenced by promises of money or token adjustments to the fundamentally flawed trading and offsets approach; so

BE IT THEREFORE, RESOLVED, that the California Environmental Justice Movement stands with communities around the world in opposition to carbon trading and offset use and the continued over reliance on fossil fuels; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the California Environmental Justice Movement will support conservation, regulatory, and other measures to address greenhouse gases only if they directly and significantly reduce emissions, require the shift away from use of fossil fuels and nuclear power, and do not cause or exacerbate the pollution burden of poor communities of color in the United States and developing nations around the world; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that the California Environmental Justice Movement will oppose efforts by our state government to create a carbon trading and offset program, because such a program will not reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the pace called for by the international scientific community, it will not result in a shift to clean sustainable energy sources, it will support and enrich the state's worst polluters, it will fail to address the existing and future inequitable burden of pollution, it will deprive communities of the ability to protect and enhance their communities, and because if our state joins regional or international trading schemes it will further create incentives for carbon offset programs that harm communities in California, the region, the country, and developing nations around the world.

THEREFORE, We, the undersigned organizations and individuals, affirm our solidarity with the California Environmental Justice Movement, poor, and indigenous people around the world.

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8th Day Center for Justice, IL
Albuquerque Trial Balloon, NM
American Society of International Law - International Environmental Law Interest Section
Asian-Pacific Environmental Network
Association of Irritated Residents
Ayrsley Realty, NC
Bay Localize
Bayview Hunters Point Community Advocates
Breast Cancer Action
Building Sustainability at UC Berkeley
California Communities Against Toxics
California Environmental Rights Alliance
California Safe Schools
California State University Long Beach Campus Progressives Collective
Carbon Trade Watch, U.K.
Center on Race, Poverty & the Environment
Citizens Against Pollution
Clean New York
Climate Change Action Group of Central New York
Coalition For A Safe Environment
Comite Pro Uno
Communities for a Better Environment
Concerned Citizen's regarding Chevron's Expansions Plans
Del Amo Action Committee
Desert Citizens Against Pollution
Earth Day Los Angeles
Eco-Justice Collaborative, IL
Environmental Community Action Inc. (ECO-Action), GA
Environmental Health Coalition
Environmental Justice Resource Center at Clark Atlanta University, GA
Environmental Research Foundation, NJ
Finger Lakes Progressives, NY
Food Empowerment Project
Frente Mexicanos en el Exterior (FME)
Fresno Metro Ministry
Friends of Brook Park, NY
Global Exchange
Grand Rapids Institute for Information Democracy, MI
Greenaction for Health and Environmental Justice
Green Brigade, NY
Ibfan juvenil Colombia
Just Transition Alliance
Justice Reform Coalition, CA
Ladies of Charity of Chemung County, NY
La Raza Network, CA
Little Village Environmental Justice Organization (LVEJO), IL
Long Beach Coalition for a Safe Environment
Making Our Milk Safe (MOMS)
Merced/Mariposa County Asthma Coalition
New Jersey Concern
New Jersey Environmental Justice Alliance
Pacific Environment
Physicians for Social Responsibility-LA
People Organized in Defense of Earth and her Resources (PODER)
Rainforest Action Network
Rising Tide North America
San Joaquin Valley Latino Environmental Advance Project
School of Democratic Economics, Indonesia
Strategic Concepts in Organizing Policy Education (SCOPE)
Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition
Society for Positive Action
StrikeOut Studio, LA
Student Environmental Action Coalition
The Corner House, U.K.
Uyououwy, Moldova
West County Toxics Coalition
West Harlem Environmental Action, Inc.
Xun Biosphere Project, CA


Adrian Totten
Adriana Maciel, MPH, CA
Alfredo U. Albor
Al Rojas, CA
Amanda Henry, CA
Amber Johnson, NC
Amber Logan, NC
Amy Balkin, CA
Andres Sarabia, Colombia
Annie Lenihan, NY
Azibuike Akaba, E.I.P. delegate, Oakland, CA
B Bernzott, NJ
Barbara A. Brenner, CA
Barbara Gates, CA
Brenda Bibee, CA
Bryan Todd, CA
Carla Jaszczerski
Carol Steinsapir, NY
Chione Flegal, CA
Chris Conrad, WI
Christine Shearer, CA
Christopher Scott Smith, CA
Christopher Smith, IL
Claire Evans, CA
Coralie LaSalle, CA
Cristina Carrasquillo
Dave Shukla, CA
David Beebe, AK
David Chatfield, CA
Dean S. Toji, CA
Debra Singer, CA
Dennis Yee, AZ
Donald Simon, CA
Elisabeth Constantine
Elizabeth de Rham, CA
Elizabeth M. Gage
Eric Vega, CA
Felipe Aguirre, CA
Gabrielle Weeks, CA
Gary A. Patton
Gene Warren Jr., CA
Haroon Abedrabbo, CA
Hendro Sangkoyo, Indonesia
Howard Ehrman, CA and IL
Iehzzke, Iran
Igor Kagan, CA
Ingrid Severson, CA
Jacqueline Martinez, CA
Janet Arnold, CA
Janie Anker, CA
Jeanne Fudala, NY
Jeff Smith, MI
John Breckenfeld, CA
Jon Anderholm, CA
Jose Carmona, CA
Jose T. Bravo, CA
Joseph Nowak, New Zealand
Juliette Anthony, CA
Justin Myers, NY
Jutta Kill, U.K.
Karen G. Pierce, CA
Karen Kirkland, PA
Kathleen Kimberling, CA
Kathleen Sellers, OH
Kent Wilson, IL
Kshama, CA
Lan R. Richart, IL
Larry Lohman, U.K.
Laura Lichtenberger, CA
Lauren Ornelas, CA
Linda Ferland, CA
Lori Morrison-Contreras, IL
Lorna Salzman, NY
Lucas Williams, CA
Marlene Grossman, Pacoima, CA
Mary Brune, CA
Mary Smith, NY
Maxine Daniel
Melissa J. Kelly-Ortega, CA
Nekesha Bell de Casta, CA
Nicholas Baker, CA
Norma Nava, CA
Patrick Burns, CA
Patrick Lynch, China
Patrick Reinsborough, CA
Peter Montague, NJ
Phillip Beck, CA
Rachel McMahon, CA
Rafa Aguilera, CA
Rev. Ashiya Odeye, CA
Ricardo Alvarez, CA
Richard Saxon, NJ
Rita Gaber, CA
Robert D. Bullard, GA
Robert Jereski, NY
Robin Freeman, Prof., CA
Rob Miller
Rodger Nogaki, NJ
Rolf Stuber, Switzerland
Rona Fernandez, CA
Rosamund Evans, NM
Shaelyn Strattan, CA
Sheila Davis, CA
Stephanie Pincetl, CA
Sylvester Johnson, Ph.D., NY
Tom Frantz, CA
Ulla Nilsen, CA
Valorie Caffee, NJ
Wes Rolley, CA
Wil Burns, CA
Wilfred Candler, MD
Yew Yew
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